The biggest lake in the Balkans
A trip on the Skadar lake it is better to start with the North or South shore. From the Krajina, where from olden times were situated the capitals of ancient States and religious centers: Skadar, Krajina, uranine, Zabljak, Rim, Cetinje. Or from the North, from the Rim and Rijeka crnojevića. Only from here you can embrace a single view of the magnificence of the fjord, formed at the confluence of Rijeka in Skadar lake. This panorama can’t leave the artist indifferent, and because of the paintings, written here with nature, you could make a whole gallery.
It so happened that the places around the lake have long been associated with the book: on the small Islands in the monasteries of medieval monks wrote and copied religious books, and on the shore, in the Rim, in 1494 appeared the first printing of the southern Slavs; in our days the lake are devoted to scholarly monographs.
As a natural phenomenon (it once was a sea Bay), lake Skadar is interesting and in many other ways. Thanks to the mild climate and magnificent nature, it has long attracted people. If you piece together the history of all wars for their possession and the civilizations that flourished on its banks, the account will be referred to the Illyrians, Goths, Avars, Greeks, Romans, Slavs, Turks.
Not, perhaps, in the world of such a corner from which no one would come here tourists or researchers. It is the largest lake in the Balkans. Depending on the water level of the area ranges from 370 to 540 square kilometers; the maximum depth is 44 meters. His mirror is sometimes below sea level. It was the most extensive in the former Yugoslavia region freshwater fisheries (previously annual catch of more than a thousand tons of fish) and one of Europe’s largest ornithological reserves. Its banks are covered with rich vegetation and its waters are inhabited by 35 species of fish. There are also many rare birds.
Curiously, the Pelican (in Serbian “Sith”) the locals call the “take responsibility” mosquito “NEWID” and growing on the banks of willow (in Serbian “Vrba”) — “newrb”.
On many Islands, along with other cultural and historical monuments, preserved monasteries and fortresses. In founded in the XIII century the monastery on the island Vranjina was the residence of the first Bishop of Zeta (Montenegro). On the island of beška preserved Church of the XV century, built by the wife of the ruler of Zeta, Elena Balchik. On Starceva in 1540, was buried the famous pioneer Bside Vukovic — “Governor of printing”. Coma on the island of the great Montenegrin poet, ruler of Montenegro Petar II Petrovic Njegos was elevated to the rank of Archimandrite. At Zabljak was the capital of Czerniewice. On Letendre and Grmozur stood Turkish fortresses.