5.1 Classification and water balance of lakes
Lakes are referred to as water-filled basins or depressions of the earth’s surface, which has no direct connection with the sea (ocean) and characterized by slow water exchange.
In the development of the lake can be divided in three phases :
the lake basin remains almost unchanged, the existing deposits have not have a noticeable impact on his couch;
– formed coastal shoal, there is a Delta at the confluence of the rivers develop water vegetation;
– roughness of the smoothed basin of sedimentation due to products of destruction of coast and slopes of the deltas extends onshore shallow, reduced depth, vegetation covers almost the entire surface of the lake.
In the future it turns into a small pond with the widespread development of vegetation, of which the underwater part goes to the surface and turns the lake into a swamp.
The origin of the lakes can be dammed, hollows and mixed.
Dammed lakes are formed due to the overlap of the river valley by a cave with sediment, the detrital material of the retreating glacier.
Hollow lake, depending on the circumstances and causes of the education basin are tectonic, volcanic, deflationary, glacial, karst and thermokarst.
Lakes in tectonic basins were formed by tectonic Continue reading
Dead sea — this is perhaps the most famous lake in the world. Yes, despite the name, this is the lake that has no connection with the world ocean. It is famous for the healing properties and exceptional water salinity. The Dead sea is located on the border between Israel and Jordan.
The view from the hotel window
The Dead sea — not the most fertile place on Earth. Nevertheless, these places has a certain charm, because in the end, like the landscape you see every day.
The Dead sea water contains approximately 10 times more salt than the average water of the world ocean. Because of this in small areas often form amazing formations of different shapes. Besides this high salinity allows you to lie on it almost as on the couch.
The Ruins Of Masada (Masada)
Near the town of Arad on Judah desert stands an impregnable plateau, which leads one narrow path. Here in 25 BC by order of king Herod of the Jews was erected a powerful fortress. In the year 70 CE, it became the last stronghold of the rebels who fought for the independence of Judea from Rome. Despite the small number of defenders of the fortress, the Roman troops took three years to take her.
Cable car to Masada
Masada — this attraction, which is visited Continue reading