The largest reservoir of fresh water on planet Earth
Lake Baikal is not only the most voluminous lake. It is the deepest and one of the oldest. Baikal is the deepest cleft on the surface of the planet. This cleft is the most complex and least understood fault zone of the earth’s crust. The depth of the lake on average is 745 meters and the deepest point reaches 1637 meters. The lake stretches for 636 km, while its width is 80 km from the Surface of the lake is 31 000 km2.
This ancient lake is formed 20-30 million years ago by tectonic shifts. Fresh and clean water in the lake is maintained by two factors. First, it is home to the endemic Baikal epishura – microscopic crustacean that filters a huge number of algae and bacteria. In addition, most of the watershed of lake Baikal supported by craggy rocks. Thus, the flow of water towards the lake is almost in contact with the sediment and minerals. This oligotrophic lake, and its water has an excellent drinking quality.
Flows into the lake, 365 rivers, including the Yenisei – the largest river of Siberia. The lake contains 20% of fresh water on the Earth’s surface. The volume of fresh water in the lake is 26 000 cubic kilometers. The ancient cistern is one of the cleanest in the world. Water extracted from the depths of the lake, you can drink Continue reading
Lake Baikal is unique in many respects. It stores about 20% of the world’s fresh lake water, and its transparency is such that you can easily examine objects located at a depth of 50 m. the lake are completely unbelievable phenomena which are not amenable to logical explanation. Here are 7 of the most unusual mysteries of lake Baikal, which the imagination.
1. Icy hills.
Lake Baikal is unique in its unusual forms of ice cover. Among them, the most celebrated of the so-called “hill”– hollow cones of ice, the height of which can reach 6 m.
2. Baikal mirages.
Locals call their holomedica. This phenomenon on the lake, where on the horizon it is possible to consider the items, in fact, located at a distance of 40 km Mirages on the lake appear in both warm and winter.
3. Damn funnel.
This location is in the deep part of the lake. Its name it received because of the strange phenomena occurring here 1-2 times a year. In good weather, with dead calm, there suddenly formed a huge crater. Local residents believe that so here open the gates of hell, which sucked the souls of sinners in hell.
4. Baikal Continue reading
Lakes are among the most ancient bodies of water on Earth. This article provides you with a stunningly beautiful lake in the world. Below are several lakes that attract tourists every year with its beauty. They are located, and, of course, for the majestic charm they possess.
Five Flower Lake, China
In Jiuzhaigou valley (also called Valley of nine villages), lake Five Flowers lake. Valley, located in southwestern China, is declared a UNESCO world heritage site. It is situated at an altitude of 2472 metres, in a picturesque place southern of the mountain range-Min Shan. The lake is very small and at the bottom you can see the huge fallen trunks of ancient trees. The best time to visit is from April 15 to November 1.
Peyto Lake, Alberta, Canada
Among Banff national Park in Canada is the lake, which is one of the most beautiful in the world. A truly gorgeous it makes breathtaking turquoise color and location in the canadian Rockies. The glacier feeds the lake, and the spectacular color received it because of this. The lake is situated at altitude swise meters.
Argentino Lake, Argentina
In Patagonia, a province of Argentina,located in the beautiful lake Argentino, which is one of the most attractive for tourists the wonders of nature. Continue reading